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March 1 An attempt by Oregon Senator Wayne Morse to repeal the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution fails in the U.S. Senate by a vote of 92 to 5.
March 9, 1966 – The U.S. reveals that 20,000 acres of food crops have been destroyed in suspected NLF villages. The admission generates harsh criticism from the American academic community.
March 10-mid-June Buddhist Uprising mainly in the central area of Vietnam against the military government led by Prime Minister Nguyễn Cao Kỳ and President Nguyễn Văn Thiệu; involving both military (I Corps led by General Nguyễn Chánh Thi) and civilian resistance. The resistance coalesced in the Struggle Movement. Buddhist activists seek a negotiated settlement with the NLF and DRV and the subsequent departure of American troops. This marks the beginning of a period of extreme unrest in several cities in South Vietnam including Saigon, Đà Nẵng and Huế as political squabbling spills out into the streets and interferes with U.S. military operations.
March 19 South Korea decides to send a further 20,000 troops to South Vietnam, in addition to the 21,000 already there.
March 21 19-year-old Minnesotan, Barry Bondhus, breaks into his local draft board and dumps two bucketfuls of human feces, mutilating several hundred I-A draft records in protest against the Vietnam war. This became known as The Big Lake One action, in honor of his hometown in Minnesota. He served an 18-month sentence at Sandstone Federal Correctional Institution. Big Lake One became known as “the movement that started the Movement.”
March 23 “Credibility gap” is first used in association with the Vietnam War by David Wise in the NewYork Herald Tribune to describe the implausibility of US government reports on the war.
March 25 U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Arthur Goldberg receives an honorary degree from UC Berkeley. Goldberg delivers a defense of the Johnson administration’s Vietnam policies. The crowd –around 14,000–is full of anti-war placards bearing slogans such as “Arthur Goldberg, Doctor of War.” After the ceremonies, about half the audience moves to Harmon Gymnasium where Goldberg has agreed to discuss the issues with the Faculty Peace Committee. A vote is called for a show of approval or disapproval of the Administration’s handling of the war. About 100 vote for approval; 7,000 stand for disapproval.
Mach 25-26 Second International Days of Protest: Anti-war protests are held in New York (20,000+ participants), Washington, Chicago, Philadelphia, Boston , Oklahoma City and San Francisco and around the world (in Ottawa, London, Oslo, Stockholm, Lyon, Rome, and Tokyo, as well as in Australia and New Zealand). The New York City, Fifth Avenue Vietnam Peace Parade Committee, (the “Parade Committee”), a key organizing coalition (of some 150+ groups) which organized the NYC demonstration and called for “Immediate Withdrawal” of US troops from Vietnam.
March 28 25th Infantry Division deploys to Vietnam for operations in III Corps.
March 31 David Paul O’Brien and three companions burned their draft cards on the steps of the South Boston Courthouse, to demonstrate their unwillingness to take part in a war they considered immoral and illegal. Within seconds, a mob of hecklers assaulted and spat on the men and their small entourage of supporters and broke up the demonstration. The case was tried by the Supreme Court as United States v. O’Brien; his sentence of 6 years imprisonment was upheld..
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