Time: May 22, 2018, All Day Location: Hesburgh Center for International Studies, 130 Hesburgh Center, Notre Dame, IN 46556 Registration
This article originally appeared at tomdispatch.com. Photo credit: US Army Flicker/Creative Commons Posted by Andrew Bacevich
This article originally appeared at the southchinamorningpost.com. Ho Chi Minh City exhibition recalls how American GIs organised
Photo: 3/16/2018 by Dan Shea of VFP VFP VN 2018 Tour, Videos by Dan Shea Not in chronological order Thomas E. Wilber at Hoa Lo Prison
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April 1 The U.S. 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) begins Operation Pegasus to reopen Route 9, the relief route to the besieged Marines at Khe Sanh.
April 3 Navy court-martials PO/3 Dennis Ciesielski for refusal of orders to Vietnam.
Beale AFB – Jeffrey Goldin is arrested for “not going through proper “chain of command” and any statements I make, without going through the “information office”, would result in additional charges carrying a punishment of 3 years for each statement made” after he had contacted his local newspaper to announce he was going on hunger strike to protest the war.
National draft-card turn-in. About 1,000 draft cards are turned in. In Boston, 15,000 protesters support 235 men turning in their draft cards.
April 4 Martin Luther King, Jr., is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee exactly one year after his “Beyond Vietnam” speech.
April 4-11 Uprisings in 125 US cities in response to King’s assassination; Army reserves are called-up.
April 5 Berlin Brigade is “locked down” to protect GIs from antiwar leafletters.
April 6 President Johnson orders 5,000 Federal troops to Chicago, at the request of Lieut. Governor Samuel H. Shapiro who told him they were needed to combat an “insurrection
April 8 The siege of Khe Sanh ends with the withdrawal of NVA (OR PVAN OR VPA) troops from the area as a result of intensive American bombing and the reopening of Route 9. The U.S. command then secretly shuts down the Khe Sanh air base and withdraws the Marines. Commenting on the heroism of U.S. troops that defended Khe Sanh, President Johnson states “…they vividly demonstrated to the enemy the utter futility of his attempts to win a military victory in the South.” A North Vietnamese official labels the closing of Khe Sanh air base as America’s “gravest defeat” so far.
April 9 Fort Ord – The Military announces they will court martial Pvt. Kenneth Stolte and PFC Daniel Amick for having passed out an anti-war leaflet to their fellow GIs. The charge is ” promoting disaffection among the troops and civilian populace,” and carries a possible penalty of three years imprisonment.
April 11 Defense Secretary Clifford announces that Gen. Westmoreland’s request for 206,000 additional soldiers will not be granted.
April 17 National media films the anti-war demonstration that breaks out in Berkeley, California. The brutal reaction by the police in Berkeley is shown in Berlin and Paris, sparking reactions in those cities.
April 18 PO/3 Dennis Ciesielski is sentenced to one year at hard labor and given a bad conduct discharge for refusing to board a Vietnam-bound ship.
April 19 Fort Sill – Pvt. Andy Stapp is given undesirable discharge. See entries for June 1, July 31 and December 25, 1967.
April 23 Beale AFB – Jeffrey Beale is given an “undesirable discharge” for statements he made to the press announcing his hunger strike in opposition to the Vietnam War. See http://www.sirnosir.com/timeline/popups/gi_movement/hunger_strike.html for his statement.
April 23-30 Student demonstrators at Columbia University in NYC protest Columbia’s institutional ties to the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA), a weapons research think-tank affiliated with the U.S. Department of Defense (as well as Columbia’s plan to construct a gymnasium in city-owned Morningside Park with limited access through a back-door for the Harlem community. The project becomes known as “Gym Crow”). Despite tensions between Black and White student demonstrators, eventually 5 campus buildings are occupied. On April 30, the NYPD violently quashes the demonstrations, with tear gas, and storm both Hamilton Hall and the Low Library. Hamilton Hall is cleared peacefully. The other buildings are cleared violently as approximately 132 students, 4 faculty members and 12 police officers are injured, while over 700 protesters are arrested. The protest attracts both considerable support and opposition both on campus and around the city. Eventually Columbia withdrew from IDA and plans for the gym were scuttled. At lest 30 of the protestors were eventually suspended. A follow-up series of actions from May 17-22 resulted in 177 more arrests and injuries to 51 students.
April 26 A million college and high school students boycott class to show opposition to the war.
April 27 An anti-war march in Chicago organized by Rennie Davis and others ends with police beating many of the marchers, a precursor to the police riots later that year at the Democratic Convention. In New York, 200,000 students refuse to attend classes as a protest against the war. GIs for Peace, Student Mobilization and and other groups mobilize tens of thousands in San Francisco.
April 30-May 3 The Battle of Dai Do or Dong ha (Đông Hà) occurs as a battalion of U.S. Marines nicknamed “the Magnificent Bastards” under the command of Lt. Col. William Weise engage an NVA (or PVAN or VPA) division along the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ). The US defines this as a victory as an invasion from the north is prevented; the NVA claims a victory, as their division is not dislodged.